Rendang is one of well known dishes from Indonesia. It is originated from Minangkabau or more popular known as Padang referring to the capital city of West Sumatra province. In Indonesia, it’s called Rendang Minang. Rendang was originally made from water buffalo and nowadays beef is more popular (or occasionally beef liver, chicken, goat, duck, clam, or vegetables like green jackfruit or cassava or other leafy ingredients).
A recipe of rendang that is enhanced by turmeric leaf goes for Weekend Herb Blogging. I know it used to be organized by Kalyn and now it’s organized by Haalo of Cook Almost Anything. Today, I came back to join with a Weekend Herb Blogging #240, hosted by Anh of A Food Lover’s Journey.
[Updated March 2021] The original naming in Minang dialect is Randang which is taken from the word “MARANDANG”. Marandang is a cooking process to eliminate liquid. There are 2 types of Rendang based on the regions of West Sumatra:
- Darek (Darat or Inlands & Highlands) has much more simple in ingredients, no additional dried spices (rempah) such as coriander seeds, cumin, star anise, nutmeg, Javanese cardamom as well as no ASAM KANDIS.
- Pasisia (Pesisir or Coastal) has more dried spices to add due to the location. It used to be a place where spices traders gathered in the past. Rendang Pasisia loves to add AMBU-AMBU (toasted creamed coconut) or known as KELAPA GONGSENG in North Sumatra and sometimes asam kandis.
To get the closest taste, I have planted my own turmeric roots in pots for yielding the leaves. Beside giving very nice flavour, turmeric leaf has benefits to be added in rendang:
1. Give coconut milk base foods a longer shelf life
2. Help neutralizing saturated fat contents due to the combination of coconut milk and beef
For me, it’s very easy to get kokkam since Winnipeg has a large community of Indian. I usually buy a pacakge of kokkam from the Indian/Carribean grocers. Seeing Indian (especially South Indian) ingredients in Sumatran dishes are not unusual. You may or may not know that Sumatra dishes especially Aceh, North Sumatra and West Sumatra have very heavy influence from South Indian cuisines.
Since Indonesian and American/Canadian cuts of beef are different, I’ll use both terms. The picture of American cut can be seen on wikipedia while I’ll put the Indonesian cut picture below the recipe.
Remember: I have twisted the recipe to where I live now, due to lacking fresh ingredient resources and efficiency work. Originally, this recipe uses fresh coconut milk that is yielded from grated coconut flesh, mix with coconut water and squeeze them to get a special taste of coconut milk. Also, it is added by grated coconut and toasted until really dry, then pureed or ground until smooth and oily
I found a great substitute for those, a combination of pure creamed coconut, pure canned young coconut water and coconut milk in UHT packages.
Rendang Daging Padang
–Indonesian Beef Rendang –
adapted from Lia of Dapur Gue, modified and translated by me
- 1 kg beef (US: chuck, rib, and shank; Indonesian: blade, chuck, cube roll, top side + rump, silver side), unidirectional muscle fiber and thick cut
- 1 package (150 g) pure creamed coconut
- 2 cans (800 mL) young coconut water
- 1 L UHT pure coconut milk
- 4 asam kandis* (can be substituted for kokam, goraka, or kodampuli)
- 4 small star anises (if you you a bigger size, take only 2 star anises)
- salt as desired
Leaf Spices (REMPAH DAUN):
- 1 turmeric leaf (since my turmeric leaves were pretty small, I used 2), chopped
- 2 kaffir lime leaves, discard the midrib and chop the leaves
- 2 kaffir lime leaves, torn but leave the midrib attach
- 2 lemongrasses, cut 3 cm long of the top parts(set aside) and bruise the rest
- 100 g long red cayennne pepper**
- bird eyes chilies**, as desired
- 10 shallots (I used 5 since the shallots were bigger in size)
- 6 cloves garlic
- 3-cm galangal
- 4-cm ginger
- 2 top parts of lemongrass that are cut into 3-cm length
- 3 kaffir lime leaves, midrib
- 2 tbsp coriander seed, toasted
- 1 tsp cumin, toasted
- 1 tsp white peppercorn, toasted
* Asam Kandis is OPTIONAL
**All Chilies can be substituted with dried red chilies or red chilli powder
1. Combine creamed coconut, coconut milk, young coconut water with REMPAH DAUN and star anise in a large pot.
2. Bring to a boil and stir once a while. When the star anises are soft, remove from the heat and drain REMPAH DAUN and star anises. Separate the 2 whole kaffir lime leaves
3. Process REMPAH DAUN, star anises, and other spices except 2 whole kaffir lime leaves in a blender or food processor until smooth.
4. Return the smooth spices and the 2 kaffir lime leaves to a pot and combine with warm coconut milk mixture. Boil them together for 15 minutes at a medium-high heat.
5. Add beef chunks, asam kandis and salt. Let cook until the mixture starts to oil and thick. At this stage, the fragrant aroma of spices begins to smell.
6. Reduce to low heat and stir once a while. When the liquid absorbs, it’s time to add stirring frequency, so the mixture is not going to be scorched on the bottom. Savory aroma starts to come out. Keep stirring until darken, dry and oily.
Chuck: Paha Depan
Cube Roll: Lemusir
Top Side + Rump: Penutup + Tanjung
Silver Side: Pendasar + Gandik